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"Go therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Teach them to carry out everything I have commanded you. And know that I am with you always, until the end of the world" (Matthew 28:19-20).

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John Chapter 20 : 1 On the first day of the week, Mary of Magdala came to the tomb early in the morning, while it was still dark, and saw the stone removed from the tomb.


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The World Seen from Rome

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Daily dispatch -
April 08, 2005

"Rogito": the Document Placed in Pope's Coffin
Cardinal Ratzinger's Homily at John Paul II's Funeral Mass


"Rogito": the Document Placed in Pope's Coffin
Tells of His Life and Works

VATICAN CITY, APRIL 8, 2005 ( Here is a translation of the "Rogito," the record of the life and works of John Paul II, read by Archbishop Piero Marini, master of pontifical liturgical celebrations.

After being signed by all those present, the document was placed in John Paul II's coffin.

* * *


In the light of Christ risen from the dead, on April 2 of the year of the Lord 2005, at 9:37 p.m., as Saturday was coming to an end, and we had already entered the day of the Lord, octave of Easter and Sunday of Divine Mercy, the beloved pastor of the Church, John Paul II, passed from this world to the Father. The whole Church, in prayer, accompanied him in his passing.

John Paul II was the 264th Pope. His memory remains in the heart of the Church and of the whole of humanity.

Karol Wojtyla, elected Pope on Oct. 16, 1978, was born in Wadowice, a city 50 kilometers from Krakow, on May 18, 1920, and was baptized two days later in the parish Church of the priest Francis Zak.

He received his first Communion when he was 9 years old, and the sacrament of confirmation when he was 18. His studies interrupted, because the Nazi occupation forces had closed the university, he worked in a quarry and, later, in the Solvay chemical factory.

In 1942, aware of his call to the priesthood, he began courses of formation in the clandestine seminary of Krakow. He received his priestly ordination on Nov. 1, 1946, from the hands of Cardinal Adam Sapieha. Then he was sent to Rome where he obtained a licentiate and doctorate in theology, with a thesis entitled "Doctrina de fide apud Sanctum Ioannem a Cruce."

He returned to Poland where he had several pastoral duties and taught the sacred disciplines. On July 4, 1958, Pope Pius XII named him auxiliary bishop of Krakow. He was nominated archbishop of the same see by Paul VI in 1964. In this capacity, he took part in Vatican Council II. Paul VI created him cardinal on June 26, 1967.

He was elected Pope by the cardinals in the conclave on Oct. 16, 1978 and took the name John Paul II. On Oct. 22, the day of the Lord, he solemnly began his Petrine ministry.

John Paul II's pontificate was one of the longest in the history of the Church. In that period, under several aspects, many changes were witnessed. Counted among them was the fall of some regimes, to which he himself contributed. He undertook many trips to various nations for the purpose of proclaiming the Gospel.

John Paul II exercised the Petrine ministry with untiring missionary spirit, dedicating all his energies driven by "sollicitudo omnium ecclesiarum" and by open charity to the whole of humanity. More than any predecessor, he met with the people of God and leaders of nations, in celebrations, general and special audiences and pastoral visits.

His love of young people led him to initiate World Youth Day, convoking millions of youths in several parts of the world.

He successfully promoted dialogue with the Jews and with representatives of the other religions, convoking them at times to prayer meetings for peace, especially in Assisi.

He notably enlarged the College of Cardinals, creating 231 (plus one "in pectore"). He convoked some 15 assemblies of the Synod of Bishops, 7 ordinary general and 8 special. He erected numerous dioceses and circumscriptions, in particular in Eastern Europe.

He reformed the Western and Eastern Code of Canon Law, and created nine institutions and reorganized the Roman Curia.

As "sacerdos magnus" he exercised the liturgical ministry in the Diocese of Rome and in the whole world, in total fidelity to Vatican Council II. He promoted, in an exemplary way, the liturgical and spiritual life and contemplative prayer, especially Eucharistic adoration and the prayer of the Holy Rosary (Cf. apostolic letter "Rosarium Virginis Mariae").

The Church entered the third millennium under his leadership and celebrated the Great Jubilee of 2000, according to the guidelines indicated in the apostolic letter "Tertio Millennio Adveniente." She then faced the new age, receiving guidelines in the apostolic letter "Novo Millennio Ineunte," in which the faithful were shown the path of the future time.

With the Year of the Redemption, Marian Year and Year of the Eucharist, he promoted the spiritual renewal of the Church. He gave an extraordinary impulse to canonizations and beatifications, to show innumerable examples of holiness today, which would give an incentive to the men of our time. He proclaimed St. Therese of the Child Jesus Doctor of the Church.

John Paul II's doctrinal magisterium is very rich. Guardian of the deposit of faith, with wisdom and courage he did his utmost to promote Catholic, theological, moral and spiritual doctrine, and to oppose during the whole of his pontificate tendencies contrary to the genuine tradition of the Church.

Among his principal documents are numbered 14 encyclicals, 15 apostolic exhortations, 11 apostolic constitutions, 45 apostolic letters, in addition to the catecheses proposed in the general audiences and the talks given all over the world. With his teaching, John Paul II confirmed and enlightened the people of God on theological doctrine (especially in the first three important encyclicals -- "Redemptor Hominis," "Dives in Misericordia" and "Dominum et Vivificantem"), anthropology and social issues ("Laborem Exercens," "Sollicitudo Rei Socialis" and "Centesimus Annus"), morals ("Veritatis Splendor" and "Evangelium Vitae"), ecumenicism ("Ut Unum Sint"), missiology ("Redemptoris Mission") and Mariology ("Redemptoris Mater").

He promulgated the Catechism of the Catholic Church, in the light of tradition, authoritatively interpreted by Vatican Council II. He also published some volumes as a Ph.D.

His magisterium culminated, during the Year of the Eucharist, in the Encyclical "Ecclesia de Eucharistia" and in the Apostolic Letter "Mane Nobiscum Domine."

John Paul II left all an admirable testimony of piety, sanctity and universal paternity.

(Signatures of the witnesses of the burial ceremonies …)



Semper in Christo vivas, Pater Sancte!

[Original text in Italian; ZENIT translation]

* * *


In lumine Christi a mortuis Resurgentis, die II mensis Aprilis anno Domini MMV, hora vicesima prima, triginta septem momentis elapsis, vesperi, cum dies sabbati ad finem vergeret atque ingressi essemus diem Domini, Octavam scilicet Paschalem necnon Dominicam Divinae Misericordiae, Ecclesiae dilectus Pastor, Ioannes Paulus II de hoc mundo ad Patrem demigravit. Eius transitum tota orans Ecclesia est comitata, Iuvenes potissimum.

Ioannes Paulus II ducentesimus sexagesimus quartus fuit Pontifex. Eius memoria in totius Ecclesiae omniumque hominum cordibus manet.

Carolus Wojty³a, qui die XVI Octobris anno MCMLXXVIII Summus Pontifex electus est, Wadowice, in urbe scilicet quae quinquaginta kiliometra abest a Cracovia, die XVIII mensis Maii anno MCMXX natus est atque duobus post diebus in paroeciali Templo a presbytero Francisco Zak baptizatus est.

Novem annos natus Primam Communionem recepit atque duodevicesimum agens annum confirmatus est.

Quibus incumbebat, studiis intermissis, quia nationalis socialismi obsidentes potestates studiorum universitatem clauserant, in lapidicinis ab anno MCMXL ad annum MCMXLIV, et postea in fabrica chemica Solvay opus fecit.

Ab anno MCMXLII, cum se ad sacerdotium vocari sentiret, seminarium clandestinum adiit Cracoviense. Die I mensis Novembris anno MCMXLVI per Cardinalis Adami Sapieha manuum impositionem sacerdotalem ordinationem Cracoviae recepit. Romam posthac missus est, ubi primum licentiam, exinde doctoratum in sacra theologia est consecutus, thesim scribens, cuius titulus Doctrina de fide apud Sanctum Ioannem a Cruce.

Poloniam postea repetiit, ubi quaedam sustinuit officia pastoralia et quasdam disciplinas sacras docuit. Die IV mensis Iulii anno MCMLVIII a Pio XII Episcopus Auxiliaris Cracoviensis constitutus est atque eidem Sedi a Paulo VI Archiepiscopus anno MCMLXIV est destinatus. Ut Archiepiscopus Cracoviensis Concilio Oecumenico Vaticano II interfuit. Paulus VI die XXVI mensis Iunii anno MCMLXVII in Patrum Cardinalium Collegium eum rettulit.

In Conclavi die XVI mensis Octobris anno MCMLXXVIII Summus Pontifex a Patribus Cardinalibus electus est atque ipse sibi nomen imposuit Ioannem Paulum II. Subsequenti die XXII, Dominico die, sollemniter suum Petrinum ministerium incohavit.

Pontificatus Ioannis Pauli II unus ex longissimis in Ecclesiae historia exstitit. Hoc temporis spatio multa sunt commutata variis in provinciis. In his communistarum quarundam nationum regiminum dissolutiones annumerantur, ad quam rem multum contulit ipse Summus Pontifex. Evangelii nuntiandi causa innumera quoque itinera varias in nationes suscepit.

Ministerium Petrinum strenuo suo missionali animo gessit, omnes impendens suas vires, cum sollicitudo omnium Ecclesiarum itemque in cunctos homines caritas eum tenerent. Magis quam antea unquam Dei Populum ac Nationum Potestates, in Celebrationibus, in generalibus peculiaribusque Audientiis atque pastoralibus Visitationibus ipse convenit.

In iuvenes dilectio eum compulit ut Dies Mundiales Iuventutis ediceret, innumeris undique gentium convocatis iuvenibus.

Dialogum cum Hebraeis multisque ceterarum religionum sectatoribus promovit atque earum asseclas nonnumquam convocavit causa pro pace precandi, Asisii potissimum.

Cardinalium Collegium valde auxit, cum eligerentur ab eo ducenti triginta et unus cardinales (et unus in pectore). Quindecim Congressiones Synodorum Episcoporum, scilicet septem generales ordinarias et octo speciales convocavit. Complures Dioeceses ecclesiasticasque Circumscriptiones, praesertim in Europa orientali, constituit. Codicem Iuris Canonici et Codicem Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium reformavit Romanamque Curiam denuo composuit.

Sicut "sacerdos magnus" in Romana Dioecesi totoque terrarum orbe sacrae liturgiae ministerium exercuit, erga Concilium Vaticanum II plena servata fidelitate. Peculiarem in modum vitam spiritalitatemque liturgicam necnon comtemplativam orationem, eucharisticam potissimum adorationem sanctique Rosarii precationem promovit (cfr Ep. ap. Rosarium Virginis Mariae).

Summi Pontificis ductu Ecclesia tertio millennio se appropinquavit ac Magnum Iubilaeum anni bismillesimi celebravit, secundum normas ab ipso latas Litterarum apostolicarum Tertio millennio adveniente. Exinde novum aevum eadem est ingressa consilia propositaque recipiens in Litteris apostolicis Novo millennio ineunte significata, quibus futuri temporis iter fidelibus ille demonstrabat.

Per Redemptionis Annum, Marialem Annum et Eucharistiae Annum effecit ut Ecclesia spiritaliter renovaretur. Multum dedit operae beatificationibus et canonizationibus, ut innumera sanctitatis exempla hodiernae aetatis ostenderet, quae incitamento essent qui nunc sunt hominibus. Teresiam a Iesu Infante Ecclesiae Doctorem declaravit.

Doctrinae magisterium luculenter Ioannes Paulus II exercuit. Fidei depositi custos, prudenter animoseque ad catholicam doctrinam, theologicam, moralem spiritalemque provehendam operam navavit et ad arcenda quae verae Ecclesiae traditioni sunt adversa toto Pontificatus tempore sollicite incubuit.

Inter praecipua documenta quattuordecim Litterae encyclicae, quindecim Adhortationes apostolicae, undecim Constitutiones apostolicae, quadraginta quinque Litterae apostolicae, praeter catecheses in generalibus Audientiis ac adlocutiones ubique terrarum habitas, annumerantur. Suam per docendi operam Ioannes Paulus II Dei Populum confirmavit eique theologicam doctrinam (tribus potissimum praecipuis Litteris encyclicis, scilicet Redemptor hominis, Dives in misericordia, Dominum et vivificantem), anthropologicam socialemque (Litteris encyclicis Laborem exercens, Sollicitudo rei socialis, Centesimus annus), moralem (Litteris encyclicis Veritatis splendor, Evangelium vitae), oecumenicam (Litteris encyclicis Ut unum sint), missiologicam (Litteris encyclicis Redemptoris missio), mariologicam (Litteris encyclicis Redemptoris Mater) tradidit.

Catechismus Ecclesiae Catholicae, sub Revelationis lumine, quam Concilium Vaticanum II insigniter collustravit, ab eo est promulgatus. Quaedam etiam volumina uti privatus Doctor edidit.

Eius magisterium in Litteris encyclicis Ecclesia de Eucharistia et Litteris apostolicis Mane nobiscum Domine, Eucharistiae Anno, attigit fastigium.

Mirabiles pietatis, sanctitatis vitae universalisque paternitatis cunctis hominibus testificationes reliquit Ioannes Paulus II.

Celebrationum tumulationisque testes



Semper in Christo vivas, Pater Sancte!

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Cardinal Ratzinger's Homily at John Paul II's Funeral Mass
"He Roused Us From a Lethargic Faith"

VATICAN CITY, APRIL 8, 2005 ( Here is a translation of the homily Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger gave at John Paul II's funeral Mass today in St. Peter's Square.

* * *

"Follow me." The Risen Lord says these words to Peter. They are his last words to this disciple, chosen to shepherd his flock. "Follow me" -- this lapidary saying of Christ can be taken as the key to understanding the message which comes to us from the life of our late beloved Pope John Paul II. Today we bury his remains in the earth as a seed of immortality -- our hearts are full of sadness, yet at the same time of joyful hope and profound gratitude.

These are the sentiments that inspire us, brothers and sisters in Christ, present here in St. Peter's Square, in neighboring streets and in various other locations within the city of Rome, where an immense crowd, silently praying, has gathered over the last few days. I greet all of you from my heart. In the name of the College of Cardinals, I also wish to express my respects to heads of state, heads of government and the delegations from various countries.

I greet the authorities and official representatives of other Churches and Christian Communities, and likewise those of different religions. Next I greet the archbishops, bishops, priests, religious men and women and the faithful who have come here from every continent; especially the young, whom John Paul II liked to call the future and the hope of the Church. My greeting is extended, moreover, to all those throughout the world who are united with us through radio and television in this solemn celebration of our beloved Holy Father's funeral.

Follow me -- as a young student Karol Wojtyla was thrilled by literature, the theater and poetry. Working in a chemical plant, surrounded and threatened by the Nazi terror, he heard the voice of the Lord: Follow me! In this extraordinary setting he began to read books of philosophy and theology, and then entered the clandestine seminary established by Cardinal Sapieha. After the war he was able to complete his studies in the faculty of theology of the Jagiellonian University of Krakow.

How often, in his letters to priests and in his autobiographical books, has he spoken to us about his priesthood, to which he was ordained on November 1, 1946. In these texts he interprets his priesthood with particular reference to three sayings of the Lord.

First: "It was not you who chose me, but I who chose you and appointed you to go and bear fruit that will remain" (John 15:16). The second saying is: "A good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep" (John 10:11). And then: "As the Father loves me, so I also love you. Remain in my love" (John 15:9). In these three sayings we see the heart and soul of our Holy Father. He really went everywhere, untiringly, in order to bear fruit, fruit that lasts.

"Rise, Let Us Be on Our Way!" is the title of his next-to-last book. "Rise, let us be on our way!" -- with these words he roused us from a lethargic faith, from the sleep of the disciples of both yesterday and today. "Rise, let us be on our way!" he continues to say to us even today. The Holy Father was a priest to the last, for he offered his life to God for his flock and for the entire human family, in a daily self-oblation for the service of the Church, especially amid the sufferings of his final months. And in this way he became one with Christ, the Good Shepherd who loves his sheep.

Finally, "abide in my love": The Pope who tried to meet everyone, who had an ability to forgive and to open his heart to all, tells us once again today, with these words of the Lord, that by abiding in the love of Christ we learn, at the school of Christ, the art of true love.

Follow me! In July 1958, the young priest Karol Wojtyla began a new stage in his journey with the Lord and in the footsteps of the Lord. Karol had gone to the Masuri lakes for his usual vacation, along with a group of young people who loved canoeing. But he brought with him a letter inviting him to call on the primate of Poland, Cardinal Wyszynski. He could guess the purpose of the meeting: He was to be appointed as the auxiliary bishop of Krakow.

Leaving the academic world, leaving this challenging engagement with young people, leaving the great intellectual endeavor of striving to understand and interpret the mystery of that creature which is man and of communicating to today's world the Christian interpretation of our being -- all this must have seemed to him like losing his very self, losing what had become the very human identity of this young priest. Follow me -- Karol Wojtyla accepted the appointment, for he heard in the Church's call the voice of Christ. And then he realized how true are the Lord's words: "Whoever seeks to preserve his life will lose it, but whoever loses it will save it" (Luke 17:33).

Our Pope -- and we all know this -- never wanted to make his own life secure, to keep it for himself; he wanted to give of himself unreservedly, to the very last moment, for Christ and thus also for us. And thus he came to experience how everything which he had given over into the Lord's hands, came back to him in a new way. His love of words, of poetry, of literature, became an essential part of his pastoral mission and gave new vitality, new urgency, new attractiveness to the preaching of the Gospel, even when it is a sign of contradiction.

Follow me! In October 1978, Cardinal Wojtyla once again heard the voice of the Lord. Once more there took place that dialogue with Peter reported in the Gospel of this Mass: "Simon, son of John, do you love me? Feed my sheep!" To the Lord's question, "Karol, do you love me?" the archbishop of Krakow answered from the depths of his heart: "Lord you know everything; you know that I love you." The love of Christ was the dominant force in the life of our beloved Holy Father. Anyone who ever saw him pray, who ever heard him preach, knows that. Thanks to his being profoundly rooted in Christ, he was able to bear a burden which transcends merely human abilities: that of being the shepherd of Christ's flock, his universal Church.

This is not the time to speak of the specific content of this rich pontificate. I would like only to read two passages of today's liturgy which reflect central elements of his message. In the first reading, St. Peter says -- and with St. Peter, the Pope himself -- "In truth, I see that God shows no partiality. Rather, in every nation whoever fears him and acts uprightly is acceptable to him. You know the word (that) he sent to the Israelites as he proclaimed peace through Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all" (Acts 10:34-36). And in the second reading, St. Paul -- and with St. Paul, our late Pope -- exhorts us, crying out: "Therefore, my brothers, whom I love and long for, my joy and crown, in this way stand firm in the Lord, beloved" (Philippians 4:1).

Follow me! Together with the command to feed his flock, Christ proclaimed to Peter that he would die a martyr's death. With those words, which conclude and sum up the dialogue on love and on the mandate of the universal shepherd, the Lord recalls another dialogue, which took place during the Last Supper. There Jesus had said: "Where I am going, you cannot come." Peter said to him, "Lord, where are you going?" Jesus replied: "Where I am going, you cannot follow me now; but you will follow me afterward" (John 13:33,36). Jesus from the Supper went toward the Cross, went toward his resurrection -- he entered into the paschal mystery; and Peter could not yet follow him. Now -- after the resurrection -- comes the time, comes this "afterward."

By shepherding the flock of Christ, Peter enters into the paschal mystery, he goes toward the cross and the resurrection. The Lord says this in these words: "when you were younger, you used to dress yourself and go where you wanted; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go" (John 21:18).

In the first years of his pontificate, still young and full of energy, the Holy Father went to the very ends of the earth, guided by Christ. But afterward, he increasingly entered into the communion of Christ's sufferings; increasingly he understood the truth of the words: "someone else will dress you." And in this very communion with the suffering Lord, tirelessly and with renewed intensity, he proclaimed the Gospel, the mystery of that love which goes to the end (cf. John 13:1).

He interpreted for us the paschal mystery as a mystery of divine mercy. In his last book, he wrote: The limit imposed upon evil "is ultimately Divine Mercy" ("Memory and Identity," pp. 60- 61). And reflecting on the assassination attempt, he said: "In sacrificing himself for us all, Christ gave a new meaning to suffering, opening up a new dimension, a new order: the order of love. ... It is this suffering which burns and consumes evil with the flame of love and draws forth even from sin a great flowering of good" (pp. 189-190). Impelled by this vision, the Pope suffered and loved in communion with Christ, and that is why the message of his suffering and his silence proved so eloquent and so fruitful.

Divine Mercy: the Holy Father found the purest reflection of God's mercy in the Mother of God. He, who at an early age had lost his own mother, loved his divine mother all the more. He heard the words of the crucified Lord as addressed personally to him: "Behold your Mother." And so he did as the beloved disciple did: "he took her into his own home" (John 19:27) -- "Totus tuus." And from the mother he learned to conform himself to Christ.

None of us can ever forget how in that last Easter Sunday of his life, the Holy Father, marked by suffering, came once more to the window of the Apostolic Palace and one last time gave his blessing "urbi et orbi." We can be sure that our beloved Pope is standing today at the window of the Father’s house, that he sees us and blesses us. Yes, bless us, Holy Father. We entrust your dear soul to the Mother of God, your Mother, who guided you each day and who will guide you now to the eternal glory of her Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen.

[Original text in Italian; translation issued by Holy See]

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